‘Stephen Badsey, one of the world’s leading authorities on war and the media…’

Gary Sheffield, Forgotten Victory (2001)
Professor Stephen Badsey
PhD MA(Cantab.) FRHistS
Military Historian

‘If you know your history, then you know where you’re coming from.’
Bob Marley, Buffalo Soldier


Who am I



Talks & Lectures

TV & Media 1

TV & Media 2


Battlefield Tours

CV Page




“A man sits in some museum somewhere and writes a harmless book about political economy and suddenly thousands of people who haven’t even read it are dying because the ones who did haven’t got the joke.”
Terry Pratchett, The Last Continent

In Preparation or in Press

'The German Corpse Factory': A Study in First World War Propaganda (London: Helion, 2018).

‘Strategy and Propaganda: Lord Kitchener, the Retreat from Mons, and the Amiens Dispatch, August-September 1914’ in Mark Connelly, Jo Fox, Stefan Goebel and Ulrich Schmidt (eds), Propaganda, Conflict and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century (London: I.B. Tauris, 2017).

'The Battle of the Somme and British War Plans in 1916,' in Spencer Jones (ed.) At All Costs: The British Army on the Western Front 1916 (Solihull: Helion, 2018).


‘A Hundred Years On: Recent and Changing Views on the History of the First World War, Frank- Lothar Kroll and Martin Munke (eds), Conference Proceedings: The First World War in British and German Commemorative Culture, Prince Albert Studies Series Vol. 33 (Berlin: Ducker & Humbolt, 2017).

'Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig and the Cavalry,' The Douglas Haig Fellowship Records, Issue 19, June 2017.

‘The Logistics of the British Recovery of the Falkland Islands, 1982,’ NIDS International Forum on War History: Proceedings: Defense of the Wider Realm: the Diplomacy and Strategy of the Protection of Islands in War, National Institute for Defense Studies, Tokyo, March 2014.


Co-author with Gary Sheffield, ‘Chapter 14: Strategic Command’ in Jay Winter (ed.) The Cambridge History of the First World War – Volume 1 (Cambridge, CUP, 2014).

French edition, ‘Chapitre 14 – Le commandement strategique,’ dans Jay Winter (dir.) La Première Guerre Mondiale: Combats (Paris: Fayard, 2013)


 ‘Sir John French and Command of the BEF,’ in Spencer Jones (ed.) Stemming the Tide: Officers and Leadership in the British Expeditionary Force 1914 (Solihull: Helion, 2013)Wolverhampton Military Studies Series


‘Bridging the Firewall? Information Operation and US Military Doctrine in the Battles of Fallujah,’ in David Welch (ed.), Propaganda, Power and Persuasion: From World War I to Wikileaks (London: IB Tauris, 2013)


 ‘An Overview of the Falklands War: Politics, Strategy and Operations,’ NIDS Military History Studies Annual, National Institute for Defense Studies, Tokyo, Number 16, March 2013.


'The August Offensives and British Imperial Grand Strategy,' in Ashley Ekins (ed.) The August Offensives at Gallipoli (Titirangi NZ: Exisle, 2013).

'An Overview of the Falklands War: Politics, Strategy and Operations,' in The Military History Annual 2012 (Tokyo: NIDS, 2013).

J.B. McDowell and British Official Filming on the Western Front,' in James McMillan and Yvonne Ewing (eds) War, Journalism and History (London: Peter Laing, 2012).

'Humanitarian War: Justifying Western Military Intervention 1991-2001,' in David Welch and Jo Fox (eds) Justifying War: Propaganda, Politics and War in the Modern Age (London: Palgrave, 2012).

Entries for The Blackwell Encyclopedia of War (New York: Blackwell, 2011).

'Beyond Doctrine: a Historical Perspective on the Information Operations Debate in Military-Media Relations,' in Kendall D. Gott (ed.) The US Army and the Media in wartime: Historical Perspectives (Fort Leavenworth KS: Combat Studies Institute Press, 2010). 

'Ninety Years On: Recent and Changing Views on the History of the First World War,' in Ashley Ekins (ed) 1918: Year of Victory (Titirangi NZ: Exisle, 2010).

'Media War and Media Management,' in George Kassimeris and John  Buckley (eds), The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Warfare (London: Ashgate, 2010).

The British Army in Battle and Its Image 1914-1918 (London: Continuum, 2009).

'The Military and the Media: Past and Future,' in Peter Dennis and Jeffrey Grey (ed.) The Military, the Media, and Information Warfare. The 2008 Chief of Army Military History Conference (Canberra: Army History Unit, 2009).


Doctrine and Reform in the British Cavalry 1880-1918 (London: Ashgate, 2008).

'Press, Propaganda and Public Perceptions,' in Michael Howard (ed.) A Part of History: Aspects of the British Experience of the First World War (London: Continuum, 2008).

‘If It Had Happened Otherwise: First World War Exceptionalism in Counterfactual History,’ in Jessica Meyer (ed.) British Popular Culture and the First World War (Leiden: Brill, 2008).

'Propaganda and the Defence of Empire,’ in Greg Kennedy (ed.) Imperial Defence: The Old World Order 1856-1956 (London: Routledge, 2007).

'New Wars, New Press, New Country? The British Army, the Expansion of the Empire and the Mass Media 1870-1918,' in Ian F.W. Beckett (ed.) Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research Special Publication No. 16, 2007.

‘Norway 1940,’ in Tristan Lovering (ed.) Amphibious Assault: Manoeuvre from the Sea (London: Seafarer, 2007).

'The Boer War (1899-1902) and British Cavalry Doctrine: A Re-Evaluation,' The Journal of Military History, Volume 71, Number 1, January 2007, pages 75-98.

‘Culture, Controversy, Caen and Cherbourg: The First Week of the Battle’ in John Buckley (ed.), The Normandy Campaign 1944: Sixty Years On (London: Routledge, 2006).

‘The Media, Strategy and Military Culture’, Australian Army Journal Volume II Number 2, Autumn 2005


Co-editor with Rob Havers and Mark Grove, The Falklands Conflict Twenty Years On: Lessons for the Future, Sandhurst Conference Series Number 5, (London: Frank Cass, 2005) author of chapter on ‘The Falklands Conflict as a Media War’.

‘The Media and the Art of War in the Western World 1792-1975,’ in Mihail E. Ionescu (ed.), Acta of the XXIXth International Congress of Military History: War Military and Media from Gutenberg to Today (Bucharest: Military Publishing House, 2004).

‘The Missing Western Front: British Politics, Strategy and Propaganda in 1918,’ in Mark Connelly and David Welch (eds.), War and the Media: Reportage and Propaganda, 1900-2003 (London: I.B. Tauris, 2005).

Co-editor with Paul Latawski, Britain, NATO and the Lessons of the Balkan Conflicts 1991-1999 , Sandhurst Conference Series Number 4, (London: Frank Cass, 2004), author of chapter on ‘Media Interaction in the Kosovo Conflict’.

‘The Depiction of War Reporters in Hollywood Feature Films from the Vietnam War to the Present,’ Film History Volume 14 Number 3/4, 2002.

‘The Great War Since “The Great War”’ Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television , Volume 22, Number 1, 2002.

‘Terrain as a Factor in the Battle of Normandy 1944’, in Peter Doyle and Matthew R. Bennett (eds.) Fields of Battle: Terrain in Military History (London: Kluwer, 2002).

Co-author with Philip M. Taylor, ‘The Experience of Manipulation: Propaganda’ in Peter H. Liddle, John Bourne and Hugh Cecil (eds.) The Great World War 1914-1945 Volume II, Who Won? Who Lost? (London: Harper Collins, 2001).

‘British High Command and the Reporting of the Campaign’ in Brian Bond and Mike Taylor (eds.), The Battle of France and Flanders 1940: Sixty Years On , (London: Pen and Sword, 2001).

‘Blackadder Goes Forth and the “Two Western Fronts” Debate’ in Graham Roberts and Philip M. Taylor (eds.) The Historian, Television, and Television History (London: University of Luton Press, 2001).

‘The Impact of Communications and the Media on the Art of War since 1815’ in Geoffrey Jensen and Andrew Wiest (eds.) War in the Age of Technology: Myriad Faces of Modern Armed Conflict , (New York: New York University Press, 2001).

‘The Road to Stalemate 1899-1914’ in Simon Trew and Gary Sheffield (eds.) 100 Years of Conflict 1900-2000 , (Thrupp: Sutton, 2001).

‘Propaganda, the Media and Psychological Operations: The Korean War’ in Peter Dennis and Jeffrey Grey (eds.) The Korean War 1950-53: A Fifty Year Retrospective, The 2000 Chief of Army Military History Conference (Canberra: Army Historical Unit, 2001).

‘War Correspondents in the Boer War’ in John Gooch (ed.) The Boer War: Image, Experience and Direction , (London: Frank Cass, 2000).

‘Manipulating the Media’, in Keith Brent (ed.) Air Power and Joint Forces. The Proceedings of a Conference Held in Canberra by the Royal Australian Air Force 8-9 May 2000 (Fairbairn ACT: Aerospace Centre, 2000).

‘The Boer War as a Media War’, in Peter Dennis and Jeffrey Grey (eds.) The Boer War: Army, Nation and Empire . The 1999 Chief of Army/Australian War Memorial Military History Conference (Canberra: Army History Unit, 2000).

Editor, The Media and International Security , The Sandhurst Conference Series Number 1, (London: Frank Cass, 2000) author of chapter on ‘The Military, The Media and Public Opinion’.

‘Haig and the Press’, in Brian Bond and Nigel Cave (eds.) Haig: A Re-Appraisal 70 Years On (London: Leo Cooper, 1999).

‘A Print and Media War’ in Craig Wilcox (ed.), Recording the South African War , (London: Sir Robert Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, 1999).

'The Conceptual Origins of Information Warfare,' Global Transformations Research Group Occasional Paper, 1999 Series, Number 4, London, January 1999.

‘A War of Words: The “Trench Poets”,’ The English Review , Volume 9, Issue 3, February 1999.

‘Censorship and Control – The Military Perspective’, in Clyde Jeavons, Jane Mercer and Daniela Kirchner (eds.), ‘The Story of the Century!’ An International Newsfilm Conference, (London: British Universities Film and Video Council, 1998).

The Manchurian Candidate , Cinetek Series, (London: Flicks Books, 1998).

‘The Media and UN ‘Peacekeeping’ Since the Gulf War’, The Journal of Conflict Studies , Volume XVII Number 1, Spring 1997.

‘The Coalition Command in the Gulf War’, in GD Sheffield (ed.), Leadership and Command , (London: Brassey’s, 1997).

Co-author with Philip M. Taylor, ‘Images of Battle: The Press, Propaganda and Passchendaele’, in Peter H. Liddle (ed.), Passchendaele in Perspective , (London: Leo Cooper, 1997).

‘Cavalry and the Development of Breakthrough Doctrine’, in Paddy Griffith (ed.), British Fighting Methods of the Great War , (London: Frank Cass, 1996).

‘Faction in the British Army: Its Impact on 21st Army Group Operations in Autumn 1944’, War Studies Journal , Volume 1, Number 1, Autumn 1995.

'Modern Military Operations and the Media,' The Occasional Series, Number 8, Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, Camberley, 1994. Amended version reprinted as ‘The Influence of the Media on Recent British Military Operations’, in Ian Stewart and Susan L. Carruthers (eds.), War, Culture and the Media , (London: Flicks Books, 1996).

Introduction and principal contribution to Roger Smither (ed.), Imperial War Museum Film Catalogue Volume 1: The First World War Archive , (London: Flicks Books, 1994).

Co-author with Andrew Lambert, The Crimean War: The War Correspondents , (Gloucester: Alan Sutton, 1994).

‘La serie dell’Imperial War Museum: Una guida alla collezione relativa alla Prima Guerra Mondiale’, in Renzi, Renzo (ed., with Gian Luca Farinelli and Nicola Mazzanti), Il Cinematografo al Campo: L’arma nuova nel primo conflitto mondiale (Ancona: Transeuropa Libri, 1993).

‘The IWM Series: a Guide to the Imperial War Museum Collection of Archive Film of the First World War’, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television , Volume 13, Number 2, 1993.

Co-editor with John Pimlott, The Gulf War Assessed , (London: Arms and Armour, 1992), author of chapters on ‘The Doctrines of the Coalition Forces’ and ‘The Media War’.

‘The American Experience of Armour 1919-1953’, in JP Harris and FH Toase (eds.), Armoured Warfare , (London: Blandford, 1991).

‘Mounted Combat in the Second Boer War’, The Sandhurst Journal of Military Studies , Number 2, Summer 1991.

‘The Trench Raid at Cherisy’, The Imperial War Museum Review , Number 4, 1989.

‘Battle of the Somme: British War Propaganda’, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television , Volume 2, Number 2, 1984.


2. Contributions to Reference Works etc.

Entries for the New Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford:OUP, 2004 and revisions).

Entries for Nicholas J. Cull, David Culbert and David Welch (eds.), Propaganda and Mass Persuasion: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1500 to the Present (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2003).

Entries for The Oxford Companion to Military History (Oxford: OUP, 2001).

Entries for The Oxford Companion to British History (Oxford: OUP, 1997).

Principal contributor, Roger Smither (ed.), The Imperial War Museum Film and Video Archive Handbook: A User’s Guide , (London: Imperial War Museum, 1997).

Entries for The History Today Companion to British History (London: Collins and Brown, 1995).

Editorial Board and entries for The D-Day Encyclopedia (New York: Simon and Schuster, New York 1994).

Contributor, Roger Smither (ed.), The Battles of the Somme and the Ancre (London: Imperial War Museum, 1993).

3. Electronic Publications

‘The Birth of Total War,’ and ‘War and the Media,’ BBC History World War One website, URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwone/index.shtml

'The Armed Forces, Society and the Media’ CMR Network Issue 6, October 2002,
URL: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/Depts/GRC/CMR/CMR%20Network/cmrn6.htm

Entries ‘Propaganda: Media in War Politics’, and ‘Philip Gibbs’, Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson (eds), 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, issued by Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin 2014, URL: http://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/project/about


‘News from the Front,’ ‘Official Documents’ and ‘Photography,’  British Library World War One, 2014 URL: http://www.bl.uk/world-war-one


‘The British Propaganda Effort 1914-1919,’ in First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment, Adam Matthew Digital Media, 2013, URL:  http://www.amdigital.co.uk/m-collections/collection/the-first-world-war-propaganda-and-recruitment/


‘Western Armed Forces and the Mass Media in Historical Perspective‘ E-International Relations website, March 2012, URL: http://www.e-ir.info/2012/03/08/western-armed-forces-and-the-mass-media-in-historical-perspective/


‘In the Public’s Eye: The British Army and Military-Media Relations’ Royal United Services Institute website, 2009, URL: http://www.rusi.org/analysis/commentary/ref:C4AB7D5F2E6E6D/

4. Unpublished Works (Cited in Other Publications)

War Studies: A Text Book for the 21st Century British Officer , Sandhurst: Royal Military Academy, 2002.

‘British Official Film in the First World War’, Imperial War Museum Internal Monograph, 1984.

‘British Official Photography in the First World War’, Imperial War Museum Internal Monograph, 1984.

Doctoral thesis ‘Fire and the Sword: the British Army and the Arme Blanche Controversy 1871-1921,’ Cambridge University, 1982.

5. Textbooks and Popular Books, etc.

Contributor to Robert O’Neill (ed.), I Am Soldier (Oxford: Osprey, 2009).

Contribtor to Ken Ford and Steven J. Zaloga, Overlord: The D-Day Landings (Oxford: Osprey, 2009).

‘Ike’s Cockade: The Allied Invasion of France 1943,’ in Peter G. Tsouras (ed.) Hitler Triumphant: Alternate Decisions of World War II (London: Greenhill, 2006).

Co-author with Simon Trew, Battle for Caen , Battle Zone Normandy Series (Thrupp: Sutton, 2004).

Co-author with Tim Bean, Omaha Beach , Battle Zone Normandy Series (Thrupp: Sutton, 2004).
Reprinted as Omaha Beach, D-Day Series (Stroud: History Press, 2011).

Utah Beach , Battle Zone Normandy Series (Thrupp: Sutton, 2004).

Jour J: Du Debarquement à la Liberation (Paris: Editions Atlas, 2004).

Contributor, Michael Stephenson (ed.), Battlegrounds: Geography and the History of Warfare , (New York: National Geographic, 2003).

The Franco-Prussian War , Essential Histories Series (London: Osprey, 2003)

‘Disaster at Dunkirk: The Defeat of Britain’ in Peter G. Tsouras (ed.) Third Reich Victorious: Alternate Decisions of World War II (London: Greenhill, 2002).

Editor, The Hutchinson Atlas of World War II Battle Plans (Oxford: Helicon, 2000).

Consultant, The Timechart History of War (St Paul: MIB, St 1999)

Contributor, The Hutchinson Atlas of Battle Plans (Oxford: Helicon, 1998).

D-Day: From the Normandy Beaches to the Liberation of France , (London: Colour Library Books, 1993). *Audio cassette book abridged version 'The Story of D-Day: Read by Martin Jarvis,'EMI Listen for Pleasure LFP 7853, 7243-8-29518-4-1, 1994.

Arnhem 1944: Operation ‘Market Garden’, Campaign Series Number 24 (London: Osprey, 1993). Reprinted as A Bridge Too Far: Operation Market Garden (London: Osprey, 2000); and in James R. Arnold, Stephen Badsey, Ken Ford and Steven J Zaloga, Into the Reich: Battles on Germany’s Western Frontier (London: Osprey, 2002); and in Julie Guard (ed.), Airborne: World War II Paratroopers in Combat (London: Osprey, 2007).

Jagers, (Eke: Algemene Distributie Centrale, 1993)

Contributor to D-Day – Operation Overlord from its Planning to the Liberation of Paris (London: Salamander, 1993).

Pearl Harbor , (London: Bison, 1991).

Hitler, (London: Bison, 1991).

Contributor to World At War: An Illustrated History of the Second World War (New York: Dorset, 1991).

Korean War , (London: Bison, 1990).

Fighters, Modern Air Power Series (London: Bison, 1990).

Normandy 1944: Allied Landings and Breakout, Campaign Series Number 1 (London: Osprey, 1990). Also reprinted as Normandy 1944 (London Osprey, 2000), and as Normandy 1944 (Westport Con.: Praeger, 2004).

Contributor to David G. Chandler (ed.) World War II: Battle on Land , (New York: Mallard, 1990).

6. Reviews, Refereeing, and Print Journalism

Reviews and refereeing for Albion; Armed Forces & Society; BBC History Magazine; Contemporary British History; The English Historical Review; History; The Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television; The Journal of Conflict Studies; The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance; The Journal of Military History; The Journal of Peace Research; Small Wars and Insurgencies ; etc.

Articles for publications including Despatches, The Officer, Osprey Military Journal etc. Occasional contributions to British newspapers.



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